migrant workers can legally work in Russia only in two cases: if they have a
work permit or a work patent has been issued.
What is the
difference between a patent and a work permit?
easier to get a patent, but you can legally work on it only from a private
person. If you have a work permit, you can work for both a company and a
From January 1, 2015, labor migrants who arrived in Russia from
"visa-free" countries will have to obtain a work patent from a legal
How to get
a work permit in the Russian Federation? Who gives it out?
To obtain a
work permit for the period of temporary stay, a foreign citizen who arrived in
the Russian Federation without a visa must apply to the territorial body of the
Federal Migration Service of Russia at the place of migration registration in
person, or through an organization that employs foreign citizens in the Russian
Federation, or through a representative of this foreign citizen, and provide
the following documents:
application for a work permit for a foreign citizen (front and back) who has
arrived in the Russian Federation, in a manner that does not require a visa.
application form must be filled in in Russian in block letters or in electronic
form, and abbreviated words must not be used. The information provided in the
application must be complete. A 30×40 mm color photo should be pasted on the
application form in the appropriate field.
document certifying the identity of a foreign citizen;
document on payment of the state fee for issuing a work permit to a foreign
citizen in the amount of 2000 rubles;
card with a mark of body of boundary control about entrance to the Russian
Federation or a mark of territorial body of the FMS of Russia for the
extradition of a foreign citizen's migration card.
The migration card can not be provided to the FMS, in this case, an employee of
the FMS of Russia checks the data about a foreign citizen on the basis of the
information available in such an authority.
allowed to refuse to accept an application for a work permit to a foreigner only
if the foreign citizen has not submitted the necessary documents. There are no
other grounds for refusal.
authorized employee of the territorial body of the FMS of Russia registers the
application, puts the registration number on it and issues the applicant a copy
of the application with a note of acceptance indicating the appropriate date. A
work permit is issued to a foreign citizen in person, upon presentation of an
permit is issued by the territorial body of the FMS of Russia within the
established quota for issuing work permits no later than 10 working days after
the submission of all necessary documents and only if all the information in
the documents is true and correct. If a foreign citizen does not have a specific
place of work when applying to the FMS of Russia for a work permit, then he can
apply for assistance in finding a job in the employment service.
How do I
renew my work permit?
In the case
of an employment contract or a civil contract, a foreign citizen has the right
to extend the period of stay for the duration of the said contracts, but not
for more than 1 year. To do this, before the expiration of the period of
temporary stay specified in the notification of registration at the place of
temporary stay, you need to contact the territorial body of the FMS of Russia
and extend the work permit.
this period, a foreign citizen, no later than fifteen working days before the
expiration of the specified permit, submits to the territorial body of the federal
executive authority in the field of migration:
application for the extension of the validity period of the work permit;
employment contract or contract for the performance of work (provision of
services), concluded and executed in accordance with the legislation of the
information on the types of work carried out by a foreign citizen on the basis
of a work permit obtained by him, submitted in the form approved by Order of
the Federal Migration Service of Russia No. 223 of 20.07.2010;
confirming the absence of a foreign citizen with drug addiction and presenting
a danger to the surrounding infectious diseases
confirming the registration of a foreign citizen at the place of residence.
A foreign citizen may not submit documents confirming registration at the place
of residence. Then the information about the registration of this foreign
citizen at the place of residence, available in the state information system of
migration registration, is used.
permit in the Russian Federation ends, what will happen if I do not renew it?
period of temporary stay in Russia expires and the foreign citizen has not
applied for an extension of the work permit, he is obliged to leave the Russian
Federation. Otherwise, a fine in the amount of 2 500 – 5 000 In some cases,
together with a fine, he faces administrative expulsion from the Russian
Federation. At the same time, a foreign citizen who is subject to
administrative expulsion may be barred from entering the Russian Federation for
up to five years.
But if the
work permit is not renewed for some reason, then you can apply for a patent for
work from a private person. Then you can stay in Russia legally.
applying for a work permit, a foreign citizen submitted an employment contract
in addition to the documents listed above and was issued a work permit for a
period of more than 90 days, he is obliged to submit it to the territorial body
of the FMS of Russia within 30 days from the date of receipt of such a permit:
certificate of absence of drug addiction and dangerous diseases such as
leprosy, tuberculosis, syphilis, chlamydial lymphogranuloma, chancroid;
certificate of absence of AIDS (HIV infection).
foreign citizen has not submitted the necessary medical documents within the
prescribed period, the work permit issued to him is canceled and the employer
is obliged to terminate the employment contract with him.
conclusion of an employment contract, the employer or the customer of the work
(services) is obliged to notify the territorial employment authority of the
relevant subject of the Russian Federation and specify the validity period of
such a contract for extending the period of stay of a foreign citizen in the
territory of Russia. After that, the foreign citizen can legally stay on the
territory of the Russian Federation for the duration of the work permit.
entering into a new employment contract, the employer must again notify the
territorial body of the FMS of Russia about the conclusion of a new employment
contract by a foreign employee.
employer or the customer of works (services) is obliged to transfer the
detachable part of the second notification to the foreign citizen.
possible to work in Moscow if a work permit is obtained, for example, in
If a work permit is obtained in Ivanovo, you will not be able to work legally in Moscow. A foreign citizen can only work legally in the region of the Russian Federation in which he has been granted a permit, except in cases provided for by law. In this case, you need a new work permit.
center does not provide the following services that the "Customer"
will need: notarization of documents; obtaining a medical certificate for migrants;
a certificate of knowledge of the Russian language.
• In our
center, you can apply for a Voluntary Health Insurance Policy for migrants that
meets the requirements of the Federal Migration Service of Russia.
service is available only when applying for a foreign employee for a position
that belongs to the list of Non-Quota positions. In cases where the requested
position belongs to the quota list, an application for a quota is submitted for
the next calendar year, until April of the current year.
• In case of one-time registration of two or more employees, the price of our services for the first employee is 100%, and for the second and subsequent employees 50% of the cost of the service. State fees are paid for each employee in full.
A LIST OF
DOCUMENTS TO BE SUBMITTED TO OUR CENTER FOR A WORK VISA FOR 1 (ONE) OF A
documents to start the process (copy by e-mail):
details of the company in electronic form, which include the following
information: Full and abbreviated name of the legal entity, INN/KPP, OGRN, Code
the main activity, legal. address and fact. address, bank details.
• FULL name
of the General Director and his passport data for accreditation in the Federal
Certificate of registration of a legal entity — OGRN) - copy by e-mail
Certificate of registration with the tax authority (TIN/KPP) - copy by e-mail
* A copy of
the foreign citizen's passport (the passport must be valid for another 1.5
years after the expiration of the work visa.) copy by e-mail
* A copy of
the diploma of higher education-a copy by e-mail
employment contract for approval under the new requirements of the FMS of
Russia. - copy by e-mail
originals of the documents that will be required for their delivery to the FMS
Certificate of registration of a legal entity (OGRN) certified by a notary — 1
Certificate of registration with the tax authority (TIN/KPP) certified by a
notary — 1 copy.
* A copy of
the passport page with data on a foreign citizen (future employee) notarized
translation — 1 copy.
* Copy of
the diploma — notarized translation — 1 copy.
health insurance policy (required before submitting documents for the 3rd
stage) - 1 copy.
certificate for foreign citizens applying for a work permit (required before
submitting documents for the 3rd stage) - 1 copy.
Certificate of knowledge of the Russian language for migrant workers — 1 copy.
• 2 photos,
color matte, on a white background, size 3 cm * 4 cm.
state duties, if from the company's current account, then the original payment
card with the bank's mark. You can pay through the Sberbank terminal. Download
* Sets of
documents prepared by our center and certified by the seal and signature of the
head of the company "Employer".
Services Provider Co.LTD LLP provides assistance only in the preparation,
submission and receipt of documents in state bodies (Employment Center, Federal
Migration Service) and performs all actions on behalf of and on behalf of the
Federal Migration Service or another authority decides to refuse to issue
documents at one of the stages, due to the provision of incomplete or
unreliable data from the "Customer" (the employer Company), the
payment for the services rendered will not be refunded.
Services Provider Co.LTD" LLP guarantees the confidentiality of the
personal data provided to our center for all customers of the
"Customer", as well as the personal data of employees of the
questions about obtaining a work permit in the Russian Federation
more and more migrants come to Russia who want to work in our country.
Conducting labor activity is recognized as illegal without obtaining the
appropriate document. For foreigners from the CIS countries, this document is a
patent, and for migrants who arrived from far abroad — a work permit in Russia
document is a plastic card that contains a unique number and data of the
migrant. Its registration and issuance is handled by the FMS. The card allows
you to find a job in organizations registered in Russia. The RPR is issued for
a year and is valid only in one specific subject of the country and exclusively
in relation to one employer, and a visa migrant can only find a job with a
legal entity. For example, if a foreigner has received an RPR to work in a
company located in Moscow, he will not be able to work in an organization
registered in St. Petersburg.
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN PHP AND A PATENT
visa-free countries receive an RNR if their plans include work in Russia.
Ukrainians and citizens of the CIS countries, for example, Uzbekistan, apply
for a patent for this purpose. This is the fundamental difference between the
two documents. The RPR is issued by visa — free foreigners, the patent is
issued by visa-free migrants from neighboring countries. This innovation has
been in effect since the beginning of 2015 (it is also relevant in 2016). But
there are two other states whose citizens have the right to work freely in the
Russian Federation. These are Belarus and Kazakhstan. The Belarusians and
Kazakhs get a job in the same order as that of the Russians.
FOR THE EMPLOYER'S ACTIONS
registration of the RPR is fully handled by the employer, the duties of the
migrant include only the provision of the necessary documentation. The
legislation of the Russian Federation establishes a restriction on the entry of
foreign employees. This is done primarily to protect our country's own labor
market from the influx of migrants. The number of foreign employees is
regulated on the basis of job quotas. The Government of the Russian Federation
annually sets quotas for issuing invitations for migrant workers. Quotas are
set depending on the profession, specialty and qualifications of migrants.
FOR GETTING PHP
procedure for the company's actions involving foreigners from visa-free
countries as future employees will be as follows:
for a quota in the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection. It is convenient to
do this on an automated portal www.migrakvota.gov.ru. The application contains
information about the amount of remuneration, the nature of the work, the
qualifications and citizenship of the employees. To receive a quota for the
next calendar year, the application is submitted in the first half of the
current year. When submitting an application, the employer also indicates the
required number of foreign employees and the positions for which he would like
to receive quotas.
Placement of a vacancy in the Employment Service, which is located at the
address of the company's registration. Within one month, the center's employees
can apply to the organization with offers of employment for a vacant vacancy of
a Russian citizen.
Registration of the employer in the FMS. Moreover, both the company and the CEO
Submission of an application to the FMS for a permit to attract foreign labor
(RPRIS). To do this, you need:
(the form can be downloaded and the ward document that you sent is called
o copies of
INN and OGRN;
of payment of state duty. Its amount is 10,000 rubles.
an invitation (required for issuing a work visa). It will take about 20 days to
get it. You will need the following documents:
o a copy of
your passport, valid for at least 36 months from the date of registration of
o a copy of
an extract from the Unified State Register of Legal Entities with a limitation period
of no more than 1 month;
entity account card;
documents are submitted to the FMS, which will send an invitation to the
consulate of the country of which the future employee is a citizen. In the
future, he will personally appear at the consulate to obtain a visa.
Registration of a personal work permit for a specific foreign employee.
Documents for obtaining a personal PHP:
application to the Federal Migration Service for the issuance of an RPR for a
o a personal
application from the foreign employee for the issuance of the RPR;
o photo 3x4
certificate on the absence of dangerous infections and confirmation that the
foreigner does not suffer from drug addiction;
o copy of
the migrant's passport;
o a copy of
the education certificate;
of payment of state duty. Its cost is 3,500 rubles for each foreign employee.
documents for a work permit must be notarized; if they are written in a foreign
language, they must be translated. You can get a work permit from the FMS in 10
detailed information is available on the FMS website:
important point: after entering the country, a migrant must register with the
FMS. This will take 7 working days. The time is counted from the moment of
crossing the border (this date is reflected in the migration card, which is
filled out by each foreigner).
permit for a foreign citizen is issued on the condition that he has a voluntary
health insurance policy or a contract for the provision of paid medical
services concluded with a health care institution. Medical services mean the
provision of emergency and primary health care.
EXAM FOR OBTAINING THE RNR
beginning of 2015, the rules of registration of the Russian People's Republic
of Belarus for foreigners who entered the Russian Federation on a visa document
have changed. However, these rules also apply to visa-free foreigners. Now
every migrant worker is required to pass a comprehensive exam on the knowledge
of the Russian language, history and the basics of the legislation of the
Russian Federation. Passing the test is confirmed by a certificate of the
established sample. You can take the exam in specialized centers that are
accredited to conduct such events. The cost of the exam is 4900 rubles.
EMPLOYMENT OF VIDEOCONFERENCING
qualified specialist (VKS) is a foreigner with work experience, skills and
knowledge in a certain field, subject to special salary requirements (more than
2 million rubles per year). The RNR for such employees is issued for 3 years
outside the quotas. Moreover, this category of labor migrants has the right to
work in several regions of the Russian Federation at once. It is allowed to
extend the RPR an unlimited number of times for the duration of the employment
contract, but not more than 3 years each time.
obtaining a work permit for the VKS, the company is obliged to inform the FMS
within 30 days of the employee's tax registration. In the future, the employer
periodically confirms the fulfillment of its obligations to pay a salary not
lower than the established minimum.
The employment of videoconferencing has special advantages:
1. PHP can
be issued for any profession, regardless of the allocated quotas;
2. You do
not need to get a PPIRS, you do not need to register the PHP itself. Permission
to work of the VSC receives their own.
deadlines for documentation processing, which are no more than 14 days;
relatives of the VKS can enter the Russian Federation at the same time without
issuing additional entry documents;
5. The VKS
can get the RNR to work both in one subject of the Russian Federation, and in
several. This category of citizens has the right to work throughout Russia.
Such persons are sent on official business trips, they are allowed to stay on
the road for an unlimited amount of time, if the work is traveling.
There are a
number of positions that foreign employees are not entitled to occupy. Thus,
positions in the state or municipal service;
* To be a
member of the crew of a vessel sailing under the State Flag of the Russian
* Work in
organizations engaged in secret activities, access to which foreigners are
restricted or prohibited;
of aircraft of civil aviation;
* Be a
member of the crew of a warship;
* Apply for
positions in companies involved in ensuring the security of the country.
OF THE RNR
The RPR is
not a permanent document and is valid only for the period for which the
employment contract is concluded, but not more than 1 year from the date of
entry of the migrant into the Russian Federation (with the exception of the
VKS). Therefore, the extension of the temporary work permit is possible when
the employment contract was originally concluded for a period of less than 12
months. Then the PHP can be extended for up to 1 year. If the RPR was issued
for 1 year, then the migrant will need to get a new migration card, and then
issue a work permit.
A new PHP
will be issued only if there are grounds for it. This may be the employer's
intention to enter into a new employment contract with the migrant.
the RNR, a package of documentation is submitted to the FMS:
Migration card with a stamp on entry to the Russian Federation;
Confirmation of temporary registration;
Originally issued by the PHP;
5. A copy
of the passport with a notarized translation;
6. 3x4 cm
report on the state of health;
deadline for issuing a second RPR is 10 days, after which the migrant must
personally appear for receiving the document. The new work permit will also be
valid for exactly one year from the date of issue.
validity period of the RPR has expired, the migrant is not entitled to continue
working, and the employer is prohibited from allowing such an employee to work.
CHANGE IN THE RNR WHEN CHANGING THE EMPLOYER
foreigner's employer has changed, then changes are made to the RNR. Moreover,
the new employer must make changes to the RNR without fail. First, the employer
concludes with a worker a contract of employment, and then notifies this fact
to the employment Center, the IRS and FMS, and then delivers the documents:
Previously issued PHP;
Confirmation of migration registration;
* Copies of
notifications about the employment of a foreigner from the Employment Service,
the Federal Tax Service and the Federal Migration Service.
procedure for issuing PHP is as follows. At the time of reworking the document,
the migrant is issued a receipt stating that his documents are under
consideration. With this paper, the foreigner has the right to continue
working. The foreigner personally takes the reissued document from the FMS on
the specified day.
It is worth
noting that the document can not change the region of action of the RNR and the
profession specified initially. To make such changes, a new PHP is issued.
several ways to verify the authenticity of a document.
1. Check on the FMS website. Click on the link and enter the PHP data that you want to check. Then click on the "Send request" button and the system will display the result, whether such a PHP is registered or not. However, as indicated on the website, the issued result is only for reference purposes, and to obtain legally relevant relevant information, it is recommended to contact the Federal Migration Service in person. This method of verification also has another significant drawback — if the PHP was received not so long ago, the information in the system has not yet been updated, so the information obtained is difficult to consider completely reliable.
2. Personal visit to the Migration Service. The longest method, which, however, will give the most reliable result. To verify the PHP, the employer must submit a written request about the validity of the document.
3. Visual inspection of the document. You can check the authenticity of the PHP with the help of an ultraviolet currency detector. If you put a plastic PHP card under it, then the original document will show oblique green lines up to 0.5 mm thick. In fake permits, they are usually thicker. Using this device, the employer can easily detect another difference between the fake PHP and the original one. On the back of the card, the inscription "FMS of Russia"should be clearly visible. If it is blurry and featureless, then it is very likely that you have a fake PHP.
When hiring foreigners, the employer must be prepared for frequent checks by the Migration Service. If the FMS employees reveal violations, a fine is imposed. An employer who is a legal entity is fined up to 1 million rubles for each illegal employee for employing migrants without the Russian Federation (or those who entered the Russian Federation in violation of the visa regime). If there are several such employees, then a fine is charged for each of them. In case of repeated detection of violations related to the registration of foreigners, such an organization may be deprived of the right to conduct business. The decision of the FMS can always be appealed, but most of these cases are lost by businessmen.
Penalties are also imposed on the foreigner himself, if he works without the RNR. Their size varies from 2000 to 5000 rubles in the subjects of the country and up to 7000 rubles in the capital with
the further expulsion of the migrant.
In a number of cases, a labor migrant is denied the issuance of the RPR, and it is also possible to cancel a previously issued document •
* The migration card is expired, there is no temporary registration;
• The validity period of the passport of a foreign employee ends in less than 6 months;
* A foreigner under the age of 18 or is a pensioner;
* The migrant provided fictitious documents or provided false information;
* The foreigner has repeatedly violated the rules of stay in the Russian Federation;
• Incomplete documentation was provided;
* In the last 5 years, a migrant has been expelled or deported outside the Russian Federation;
• A migrant worker has an outstanding criminal record;
* A foreigner suffers from drug addiction or has dangerous infectious diseases;
migrant does not live in Russia for more than 6 months and does not work in the
company specified in the Russian Federation.